Practice Questions for Exam 4

The fourth and final exam will be on Chapters 11-14. Try to limit yourself to 15 minutes to complete the practice test below. You may score it using link to the answer key at the end of the test. Good luck!

Multiple Choice Questions: Choose the single best answer to each question.

1.  Taking your roommate’s prescription for penicillin because you feel sick is an example of:
    a.  drug misuse
    b.  drug abuse
    c.  habituation
    d.  antabuse

2.  When taking drugs, the most common method is:
    a.	inhaling
    b.	subcutaneous injection
    c.	orally
    d.	intravenous injection

3.  Which route of administration gets drugs into the blood stream the fastest?
    a.	oral dosage
    b.	intravenous injection
    c.	intramuscular injection
    d.	subcutaneous injection

4.  Drugs that act throughout a body system act:
    a.	locally
    b.	generally
    c.	selectively
    d.	cumulatively

5.  A drug that builds up in the body because it is taken in faster than it can be metabolized is acting:
    a.	locally
    b.	generally
    c.	selectively
    d.	cumulatively

6.  All of the following are over-the-counter medications that are often misused EXCEPT:
    a.	aspirin
    b.	eye drops
    c.	laxatives
    d.	nasal sprays

7.  All of the following are true statements concerning generic drugs EXCEPT:
    a.	Generic drugs are less expensive than brand name drugs.
    b.	Generic drugs are just as effective as brand name drugs in treating seizures.
    c.	Generic drugs and brand name drugs have the same active ingredients.
    d.	Pharmacists may switch to generic unless the doctor says not to.

8.  When someone is said to have had a mind-affecting experience, the experience  is called:
    a.	addictive
    b.	illegal
    c.	psychoactive
    d.	inhibiting

9.  Justin is abusing several drugs, which is known as:
    a.	tolerance
    b.	polyabuse
    c.	withdrawal
    d.	intoxication

10. Why were amphetamines once widely prescribed?
    a.	to suppress appetite
    b.	blood pressure was lowered, thus losing weight
    c.	heart rate was higher to speed up metabolism
    d.	stimulated the appetite to eat more healthy foods

11. All of the following are considered opioids EXCEPT:
    a.	cocaine
    b.	codeine
    c.	heroin
    d.	morphine

12. Which of the following steps is the most difficult for an addict to take?
    a.	facing family and friends
    b.	admitting to being an addict
    c.	getting through withdrawal
    d.	finding a job once they are clean

13. The type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages is:
    a.	methyl
    b.	isopropyl
    c.	ethanol
    d.	wood

14. All of the following are considered one drink EXCEPT:
    a.	12 ounces of beer
    b.	2 ˝ ounces of fortified wine
    c.	4 ounces of table wine
    d.	2 ounces of vodka

15. All of the following are true concerning absorption rates EXCEPT:
    a.	Chilled drinks move into the bloodstream more quickly than warm drinks.
    b.	Straight shots of liquor enter the bloodstream faster than beer.
    c.	If a drink contains milk, it moves into the bloodstream more slowly.
    d.	Carbon dioxide speeds up the rate of absorption.

16. How much alcohol can the liver metabolize in an hour?
    a.	˝ ounce
    b.	1 ounce
    c.	2 ounces
    d.	4 ounces

17. The most common reason why people drink alcohol is:
    a.	to celebrate
    b.	to self-medicate
    c.	for social ease
    d.	to relax

18. The main detoxifying organ in the body is the:
    a.	spleen
    b.	stomach
    c.	liver
    d.	heart

19. How long does it take the alcohol in a typical drink to reach the bloodstream?
    a.	15 minutes
    b.	30 minutes
    c.	45 minutes
    d.	1 hour

20. All of the following drugs, when combined with alcohol, increase central nervous system depression EXCEPT:
    a.	codeine
    b.  Ritalin
    c.	Valium
    d.	Dimetapp

21. All of the following statements are true concerning nicotine and weight control EXCEPT:
    a.	Nicotine increases metabolic rate.
    b.	Smokers burn an extra 100 calories per day.
    c.	Women who quit gain an average of eight pounds.
    d.	Carrying extra weight is more dangerous than smoking

22. Indicate the main reason why smokers continue to smoke, even though they know it is bad for them:
    a.	pleasure
    b.	weight control
    c.	dependence
    d.	self-medication

23. All of the following are physiological effects of nicotine use EXCEPT:
    a.	increases heart rate
    b.	inhibits urine formation
    c.	increases appetite
    d.	stimulates adrenaline production

24. The smoke that is produced as a cigarette burns is known as:
    a.	sidestream smoke
    b.	secondhand smoke
    c.	mainstream smoke
    d.	primary smoke

25. The medical term for high blood pressure is:
    a.	peripheral vascular disease
    b.	hypotension
    c.	hypertension
    d.	systolic elevation

26. Which of the following describes lipoproteins?
    a.	compounds in the blood that are made up of protein and fat
    b.	lipids that make up the large percentage of dietary fats 
    c.	fatty substances found in food and also made by the body
    d.	compounds in the blood that are made up of sugars

27. In order to reverse atherosclerosis without medication, one could safely employ all of the following
    methods EXCEPT:
    a.	very-low-fat, vegetarian diet.
    b.	yoga or meditation.
    c.	very rigorous high intensity exercise.
    d.  stress reduction.

28. When the blood supply to a portion of the brain is blocked, this causes a:
    a.	blackout.
    b.	stroke.  
    c.	heart attack.
    d.	dizzy spell.

29. Type 2 diabetes is:
    a. not a major risk factor for developing coronary heart disease.
    b. less common than type 1 diabetes.
    c. associated with obesity.
    d. controlled through the use of lipid lowering drugs.

30. Which lifestyle factor is the single greatest preventable cause of illness and premature 
    death in the United States today?
    a. having unsafe sex
    b. avoiding medical check-ups
    c. eating a high calorie diet
    d. smoking cigarettes

Matching Questions:  Match the term to the correct definition.

1. chipping              A. considered as secondhand smoke.
2. freebasing 		 B. The major psychoactive ingredient in marijuana.
3. THC    	         C. a early warning sign of having a stroke.
4. ETS        	  	 D. when someone who takes small or intermittent doses of a drug
5. Diabetes mellitus     E. hormone secreted by the pancreas; essential for proper metabolism of
                            blood sugar and maintenance of blood glucose
6. Myocardial Infarction F. Smoking the fumes of the alkaloid form of cocaine.
7. TIA        		 G. the inadequate production of insulin (or sensivity to insulin) that leads to
8. Insulin                  failure of the body tissues to break down carbohydreates at a normal rate.
9. Angina Pectoris       H. cluster of disorders of the body's metabolism that make heart disease or stroke 
10.Metabolic Syndrome       more likely.
                         I. the medical term for a heart attack.
                         J. the medical term for having pain in the chest.

Short Answer/Essay Questions

1. What is the difference between drug misuse and drug abuse? 
2. What is the most commonly used illegal drug on college campuses? Describe the negative effects of this drug.
3. Describe tobacco and its main components. Discuss how each major component affects health.
4. Describe four risk factors for coronary heart disease that are controllable and four factors that are 
   uncontrollable. List strategies for reducing those risks that can be controlled.
5. List at least five different lifestyle changes that one could make in order to lower his/her blood pressure.

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    Last updated 8.16.2012 by rck